369彩票代理

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时光馈赠的解放沙梅菜 传统手工制作,嫩滑爽口

食材档案

解放沙梅菜

姓名:解放沙梅菜

内外特征:色泽金黄、香气扑鼻,清甜爽口

性格:不寒、不燥、不湿、不热

功效:清热解暑,消滞健胃,降脂降压

代表作:梅菜蒸猪肉

DONGTIAN,SUIBUSHIWANWUSHENGZHANGZUIWEIWANGSHENGDEJIJIE,CISHIDEQIHOUQUEWEIDONGZHIWUCHUANGZAOLEYILINGYIZHONGFANGSHITIAODONGWEILEIDEKENENG。CHUNSHENGXIAZHANG,QIUSHOUDONGZANG。ZAIDONGJI,RENMENYIGEZHONGFANGSHIZHIZUO、ZHUZANGLIANGSHI,ZENGLAINIANYIFENSHIGUANGLIWU。

369彩票代理MEICAIZHENGZHUROUSHIYUECAIXIZHONGDEYIDAOMINGCAI,GENGSHIYIDAOJIACHANGCAI。MEICAILISHIYOUJIU,WENMINGZHONGWAI,WEILINGNANZHUMINGCHUANTONGTECHAN。MEINIAN12YUE,SANSHUIQUBAINIZHENGANGTOUCUNWEIHUIJIEFANGSHACUNJIAJIAHUHUDOUHUICAIZHAIZIJIAZHONGDEXINXIANDAJIECAIAZHIMEICAI,ZHUCUNDEDANGDEHUA,KEGONGQUANNIANSHIYONG。ZHEILICHUCHANDEMEICAI,ZAIFANGJIANYOUYIGEZHUANCHENG——“JIEFANGSHAMEICAI”。JIEFANGSHACUNWEIYUXIJIANGDONGAN,JIEFANGSHAMEICAICONGYUANCAILIAODAOZHIZUOGUOCHENG,WUBUJINRUNZHEXIJIANGDERIYUE、FENGGUANGYUQIXI。

家家户户腌制梅菜

已有四十余年历史

ZOUJINJIEFANGSHACUN,YIPIANPIANCUILVDEJIECAIYEZAIHANFENGZHONGSHUZHAN,TIANJIANZHENGQIDIPAILIEZHEGANGCAIZHAIDEJIECAI,OUERHUIPENGJIANLAZHEYIZHENGCHEJIECAIDETUOLAJI。ZAIZHEILI,JIHUMEIHURENJIADOUYOUZHONGJIECAI、AMEICAI。

JUJIEFANGSHACUNCUNMINXIAOZUZHANGSUQICHIHUIYI,JIEFANGSHAZAOZAISHANGSHIJI60NIANDAIJIUKAISHIZHONGZHIJIECAI,ERJIAJIAHUHUZHIZUOMEICAIDECHUANTONGYEYIYOUSISHIDUONIANDELISHI,YIZHIJIANCHICHUNSHOUGONGZHIZUO。

 西江边的解放沙联围面向西江的斜侧面,是腌制后的梅菜的晾晒场。在晾晒过程中,还要时不时翻动梅菜。

解放沙村民种植的芥菜品种,是非常适用于腌制梅菜的大芥菜:重量扎实,水分含量高,茎叶肥厚。大芥菜之大,植株高约45cm,半球形;想象着自己收到一束花,双手抱在怀里,这个姿势亦适用于粗略测量一株“成年”大芥菜的腰围,双手可以环抱,略有余。

SHENGZHANGYUXIJIANGPANDEJIEFANGSHA,ZHEILIDEJIECAIYOUZHEBUYIYANGDEDIQI——BEIHAOSHUIHAOTUJINRUN,FEICHANGSHUILING。LISHISHANG,JIEFANGSHASHIXIJIANGSHUIBUDUANCHONGSHUA、NISHABUDUANCHENJIXINGCHENGDESHAZHOU。SHAZHOUSHANGSHATIANFEIWO,SHIHEZHONGZHI。SHANGSHIJIQIBASHINIANDAI,ZHEIPIANSHATIANJIUXINGCHENGLEJIANJUGUANGAIHEPAILAOGONGNENGDESHUILIXITONG,YINRUXIJIANGSHUIGUANGAINONGTIAN。SHUOQIZHEISHI,SUQICHIPOWEIZIHAO。“WOMENDENONGTIANBUPAXIADAYUCHUXIANNEILAO,YEBUHUIYINGANHANZAOCHENGHANZAISHISHOU,SUOYIMEINIANDESHOUCHENGDOUBIJIAOYOUBAOZHANG。”

CUNMINPANYOUXING“XINGYI”JIALIJIUYOU10MUJIECAITIAN,TAJIAZHISHAOYOUSANSHIDUONIANDEMEICAIAZHISHI,HAIYOUYIPIXIANGDUIWENDINGDEGUKEQUNTI。JINRU12YUEYILAI,XINGYIHEZHANGFUMEITIANDOUMANGZHECAISHOUJIECAI、AZHIMEICAI。TABAIZHESHOUZHISHUZHESHIJIAN:SHOUWANJIECAI,MINGNIANCHUNJIEHOUKEYIBOZHONGDONGGUA,JIEZHEZHONGDOUJIAO、SHUIDAO、JIECAI……YINIANDAOTOUDEBOZHONGYUSHOUCHENGDOUANPAIDEMANMANDANGDANG、MINGMINGBAIBAI。DUOZHONGZHIWULUNZUO,YEYOULIYUBAOCHITURANGFEILI。

 村民潘有兴在田里收割芥菜。

“HENDUOWAICUNRENDOUXIHUANLAIWOMENCUNZUDIZHONGCAI,YINWEISHUITUHAO,ZHONGCHUDECAIYEHAOCHI。”HUAYUJIAN,XINGYIYIJINGMALIDISHOUGELELIANGKEJIECAI。DANGDAORENQIERUCAITOUDEYISHUN,NEIQINGCUIDESHENGYIN,SIHUZAIXUANYAOZHESHENME。

全程纯手工制作

用时间等待好品质

QIUTIAN,BEIRENMENFUYULE“JINSE”DEXIANGXIANG。RUGUONIZAIZHEIGESHIJIEZOUSHANGJIEFANGSHALIANWEI,NEILIANPIANSEZEJINHUANGDEMEICAI,HUOXUHUIRANGNIYOUYIZHONGSHIGUANGJIAODIEDECUOJUE。

369彩票代理JIECAIDI、RISHAIHAIYAN(SHIYONGYAN)、AZHICHI、SHAIZHICHANG,SHIJIEFANGSHAMEIGE“MEICAIDAHU”DEBIAOPEI。AZHICHI,SHICUNMINLIYONGCUNZHONGKONGDIQICHENGDEYUANZHUXINGHUOSIFANGXING“DAKENG”,PINGJUNZHIJINGHESHENDUFENBIEYUEWEI1.5MI、1.7MI。SUOWEIDESHAIZHICHANG,SHIJISHANGSHICUNMINYINDIZHIYI,LIYONGJIEFANGSHALIANWEITIXINGDADIMIANXIANGXIJIANGDEXIECEMIAN,DUIAZHIHOUDEMEICAIJINXINGLIANGSHAIDECHANGDI。

369彩票代理XINXIANCAIZHAIDEJIECAIZAI“RUKENG”ZHIQIAN,BIXUXIANJIUDITANGLIANGSANTIAN,SHAOWEISHAIRUANHOU,CAIYONGTUOLAJIYUNSONGDAOAZHICHI。RUGUOBUXIANGGANSHOUCHAOXIANYUCHAODANLIANGGE“JIZHI”DETIYAN,JIUBIEYIGUNAOERDIJIANGJIECAIQUANBUDAORUCHIZHONG,ERYAOCAIYONGYOUXUPAILIE、JUNYUNCENGDIEFA。

在腌制池的底部,将芥菜以“头朝上直立”的姿势,紧密地排列好,然后均匀地撒上食用盐。

首先,在腌制池的底部,将芥菜以“头朝上直立”的姿势,紧密地排列好。接着,将盐均匀地铺撒在上面。铺一层芥菜撒一层盐,以此类推,直至刚好填满腌制池。如果可以看到横截面,那会是一个“芥菜千层”。最后,搬来几块冲洗干净的大石头,压在“芥菜千层”的顶部。

WEIHEYAO“DASHIYADING”?XINGYISHUO,SHITOUDEZHUYAOZUOYONGSHIBAJIECAIYASHI。DAGAIAZHIYIZHOUHOU,CUILVDE“JIECAIQIANCENG”HUIBIANCHENGJINHUANGDE“MEICAIQIANCENG”,HOUZHEDEGAODUZHIYOUXINXIANJIECAIDEYIBAN,BINGQIEHUIZAIBIAOCENGXINGCHENGYIWANGYANSHUI。

369彩票代理CISHI,MEICAIGAI“SHANGCHANG”,XIANGSHOURIGUANGYULE。XINGYITIQIANZAISHAIZHICHANGSHANGPUHAOTOUMINGBOMO,RANHOURANGAZHIHAODEMEICAI“PAIPAIZUO”。ZHEIXIEMEICAIMEITIAN“TANG”ZAISHAIZHICHANGSHANG,XINSHANGWUBIANJIANGJING,KANZHECHUANLAICHUANWANG。YANGGUANGCANLANDERIZILI,ZHANZAIMEICAISHANGDEYANLI,ZAIYANGGUANGDEZHAOSHEXIASHANSHUOZHEDIANDIANLIANGGUANG。

ZAILIANGSHAIGUOCHENGZHONG,HAIYAOSHIBUSHIJIMEICAI“FANSHEN”,ZUILIMIANDEMEICAIXINYEBUNENGFANGGUO,WUBISHAIYUN。DAOLEWANSHANGHUOYUSHANGWUYUTIANQI,HAIYAOJIMEICAIGAI“BEIZI”——TOUMINGBOMO。SHITIANQIQINGKUANG,LIANGSHAIYIZHOUDAOYIGEYUEZUOYOU,NENHUA、XIANXIANG、SHUANGKOUDEMEICAIJIUKEYISHANGSHILE。

 腌制成功的解放沙梅菜散发着特有的香气(右图)。

“新鲜芥菜才卖几毛钱一斤,梅菜收购价就有1.5元~1.8元一斤,平均零售价2.5元一斤。”兴姨介绍,如果把梅菜芯摘出来“单飞”,每斤可以卖到四五元。

MEICAIZHENGZHUROU,SHIYIMEICAIWEISHICAIDE、ZUICHANGJIANDEYIDAOCAISHI。ZHUROUKEDUOSUI,YIKEQIEPIAN。ZHENGXIANYUSHIFANGSHANGYIDIANXIANCAI、JIAYIDIANDIANTANG,YEXIANGDANG“REWEI”。YOUYUAZHISHIJIANZHANG,MEICAIZAIZHUSHIQIAN,XUYONGQINGSHUIJINPAOYIDINGSHIJIAN,SHIDANGJIANGDIXIANDU。

“XIANZAIZHUROUGUI,DAJIADOUSHAOZUOMEICAIZHENGZHUROULA。”XINGYIRENWEI,JINNIANSHOUZHUROUJIAGESHANGZHANGDEYINGXIANG,MEICAIXINGQINGMEIYOUWANGNIANHAO。JINGUANRUCI,NIANFUYINIANDECHUANTONGYUXIGUAN,YISHENRUDAOGUZILI,JUANKEJINSHIGUANGLI。

古人怎样腌制蔬菜?

369彩票代理YOUYUZHONGGUOYOUXUDUOYUANCHANSHUCAI,HENZAOJIUZHIZUOHEYINGYONGSHIYAN,XINSHIQISHIDAIQIYIFAMINGLETAOQI,GONGYUANQIANJIUZHANGWOLEZHIQUSHU,YINERZHONGGUOZHIZUOJIAYANDEAZHIPINDELISHISHENWEIYOUJIU,KENENGQIYUANYUZHOUDAIYIQIAN。GUJIZHONGDE“ZU”ZI,SHIZHIJIANGSHIWUYONGDAOZICUQIE,YEZHIZHEIYANGQIEGUOHOUZUOCHENGDESUANCAI、PAOCAIHUOYONGROUJIANGZHIDIAOWEIDESHUCAI。ZHIHANDAIYIHOU,“ZU”ZIFANCHENGJIASHIYAN、JIACU、JIAJIANGZHIPINAZHICHENGDESHUCAI。ZAIGUJIZHONG,YOUBUSHAOGUANYUSHUCAIAZHIDEJIZAI。

《SHIJING》:“ZHONGTIANYOULU,JIANGYIYOUGUA。SHIBOSHIZU,XIANZHIHUANGZU。”

369彩票代理《ZHOULI·TIANGUAN·HAIREN》 JIZAI:“FANJISI……YIWUQIQIHAIQIZUSANNISHIZHI。”ZU,ACAIZHIYI,QIZUSHIZHIJIU、JIUHUA、QIN、TAICAI、SUN、CHUNCAI、DONGKUIQIZHONGACAI。

《SHUOWENJIEZI》:“ZU,ZUOCAIYE。”

NANBEICHAOLIANGZONGLIN《JINGCHUSUISHIJI》:“ZHONGDONGZHIYUE,CAIXIESHUANGWUJING、KUIDENGZACAI,GANZHI,BINGWEIGANYANZU。”

《QIMINYAOSHU》:“GUA,XIJING,LINGZAO,YANKAISHUBIAN,RISHAILINGLIAN,RUOYISHIYUYANSANSHENG。”

BEISONGMENGYUANLAODE《DONGJINGMENGHUALU》LI,DUIACAIZHONGLEIJIZAIDEGENGXIANGXI。DANGSHIBIANJINGYOULIANGJIAJIUDIAN,“WEIYIHAOYANZANGCAISHU,MAIYISEHAOJIU”,ZHUYAOJINGYING“JIANGLALUOBU、SHENGAMUGUA、GUANGJIEGUAER、XINGPIAN、MEIZIJIANG、XIJINGSUN、JIELAGUAER、TANGLIZHI、YUEMEI”DENG。

QINGDAIYUANMEI《SUIYUANSHIDAN》:“ADONGCAIHUANGYACAI,DANZEWEIXIAN,XIANZEWEIE。RANYUJIUFANGFEIYANBUKE。CHANGAYIDATANSANFUSHIKAIZHI,SHANGBANJIESUICHOULAN,ERXIABANJIEXIANGMEIYICHANG,SEBAIRUYU。”

 扫一扫,为你解密解放沙梅菜制作全过程。

来源|佛山日报

文|记者梁欣莹

图|记者洪海

编辑|何欣鸿

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